Public Peer Review Motivates Higher Quality Feedback

Wang, X., Chen, Y., Godley, A., Rose, C. (2018)  Published in the 13th International Conference of the Learning Sciences (ICLS'18)

The role of feedback in learning has been well researched, but in practice high quality feedback may be scarce, for example when the source of feedback is from peer learners. Nevertheless, peer feedback may be the main source of formative feedback available in some settings, such as in Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). A key part of the problem may be that students do not have sufficient incentive to offer their best feedback in settings where supervision is minimal. In this paper, we investigate whether students provide feedback of higher quality when it is done in a public setting rather than in a private setting. We report on an experimental study with 65 participants randomly assigned to a public feedback and a private feedback condition. We report the effect of the manipulation in terms of the quality of feedback offered as measured by a validated coding scheme, the subjective rating of the feedback, the effect on propensity to revise and success at increasing the quality of the writing. Limitations of the study and implications for practice are discussed.

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MOOC is a newly risen concept that has gained both praise and critique. This article provides a literature review of the development of MOOC, differs categories of MOOC (cMOOC and xMOOC) and points out main issues of current situation. This paper analyzes characteristics of different groups and provide a general idea of using community collaboration approach to seek possible solutions. 

Comparison of International Trade for Higher Education Programs Between China and the US

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Microfinance program in BRAC— the largest NGO in the world

BRAC is the world’s largest NGO and own the largest microfinance bank in Bangladesh. This article analyzes the Microfinance Program in BRAC from dimensions as follows: effectiveness, efficiency, transparency, accountability and finance. In the findings part, it illustrates some critics and problems of BRAC and the government, followed some suggestions. 


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